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Stroke is the number one cause of serious permanent disability.  Stroke affects people in different ways. It depends on the type of stroke, the area of the brain affected and the extent of the brain injury. 

Stroke causes many physical and emotional side-effects. 

Below are listed some of the more common disabilities that stroke can cause:

bullet Aphasia - problems with speech and understanding language
bullet Ataxia - lack of coordination of muscle movements
bullet Central Pain Syndrome (CPS) - burning, tingling, pins and needles severe pain
bullet Cognitive Problems - shortened retention spans, impaired ability to do math or to organize, reason, or to be able to analyze problems and difficulty learning new information
bullet Coma
bullet Death
bullet Dysarthia - the muscles of the mouth, face, and respiratory system become weak
bullet Dysphagia - inability or difficulty with swallowing
bullet Hemiplegia - partial paralysis on one side of the body
bullet Incontinence - loss of bladder or bowel control
bullet Loss of balance
bullet Loss of sexual ability
bullet Memory Disorder - short-term memory loss
bullet Paralysis - loss of the ability to move and sometimes feel
bullet Personality Changes - behavioral changes
bullet lack of concern about situations
bullet impulsivity
bullet inappropriateness
bullet depression
bullet Pseudobulbar Affect (PBA) - inappropriate laughing or crying
bullet Quadriplegia - paralysis of all four limbs
bullet Spasticity - muscles are stiff or tight
bullet Vision neglect
bullet ... and many more side-effects not mentioned
 

Stroke Warning Signs

bullet Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body   
bullet Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding   
bullet Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes   
bullet Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination   
bullet Sudden, severe headache with no known cause



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Original date 3/1/96 Revised 9/24/14